The Macula of the Human Eye

The macula, macula lutea, is the small, yellowish central portion of the retina of the human eye. The macula is the most active part of the eye and processes the light signals that allow us to do fine work. It is responsible for sharp, clear central vision and the ability to perceive color.

The Function of the Macula

Like the film in a camera, the retina receives light rays from the front of the eye and transmits those light rays through the optic nerve to the brain where the rays are converted into images. The densely packed photoreceptor (light-sensitive) cells in the macula control all of the eye’s central vision and are responsible […]

Eye Exam Explained – Part Two

Slit Lamp – The slit lamp exam allows the eye to be analyzed from front to back. During this test in Medford, our doctors use a special high-power microscope to examine the structures of your eye, testing for infections or ocular diseases. This test is beneficial for detecting conjunctivitis and other common eye issues as well as more serious ocular conditions such as cataracts and macular degeneration.

Cover Test – During this test, your doctor will cover one eye at a time to assess any ocular deviation such as strabismus (also known as an eye turn or lazy eye). Essentially, this test measures how well your eyes work together and helps […]

Eye Exam Explained – Part One

Routine eye exams are important for your overall health and well-being. If it’s been a while since you’ve visited your eye doctor, or you’ve never had an eye exam, it can be helpful to know what to expect when you visit the optometrist.

A comprehensive eye examination in Medford includes several steps. During this visit, your doctor uses various tests, tools and procedures to examine your vision as well as the health of your eye and recommends corrective lenses or further treatment if needed. A typical eye exam can take between 30 – 45 minutes depending on the health of your eyes, quality of your vision and if you need corrective […]

Vision Over 60

As we age, our vision begins to deteriorate. Proper health and eye care are essential to long-lasting vision success. For those over age 60, it is especially beneficial to understand how to properly care for your eyes to ensure the best possible vision as you get older.

There are several simple ways to maintain good eyesight as you age. Consider the following tips to attain healthy vision over 60.

Know Your Family Eye History – Many eye problems are hereditary. Eye diseases that may run in families include glaucoma, cataracts and macular degeneration.

Sun Protection – Grab a pair of sunglasses with 100% UV protection to block and prevent the damage of harmful ultraviolet […]

Giving Back with our 12 Days of Giving

This holiday season, Medical Eye Center gave back to our community with our first 12 Days of Giving social media campaign.  For 12 days, we gave away a variety of prizes, including free Botox, free sunglasses and eyeglasses, and half off LASIK to local contest registrants.  Our doctors and staff had a wonderful time filming prize announcement videos on Facebook and it was great to interact with our patients and local residents online.

In addition to giving away prizes, we also shared our holiday spirit by donating to charitable organizations.  On December 14, we donated $1,000 to Himalayan Cataract Project: Cure Blindness.  The Himalayan Cataract Project works to eradicate preventable and curable blindness […]

Cold Weather Habits That Could Lead to Dry Eye

‘Tis the season for watery, irritated dry eyes!  Winter is a common time of year for people to complain about dry eye.  Cold weather often brings windy conditions outdoors, and heaters radiate dry heat indoors, so our eyes can become irritated and dry during the winter months. Being exposed to either wind or dry heat can cause a sudden onset of moisture evaporation inside of our eyes, and our tear glands cannot produce fluid quickly enough to maintain the protective, liquid coating that our eyes need to stay hydrated. The result is itchy, dry eyes that may cause pain, blurred vision, a burning sensation or even watery vision as our eyes […]

Winter UV Eye Safety

When it’s hot and sunny out, the warm rays remind us to wear our sunglasses and protect our skin with sunblock.  But once the cold weather and cloudy days arrive, it’s easy to forget about those UV rays.  Did you know that up to 80 percent of the sun’s UV rays can pass through clouds?  (Skin Cancer Foundation)  And if you like to hit the slopes, remember that snow can reflect up to 80 percent of UV rays, increasing UV exposure.  This is especially true if you and your family are on a ski vacation – the higher your altitude, the greater your UV exposure.

Over time, the effects of UV rays […]

Digital Eye Strain

Phones, computers, televisions – our lives are filled with screens, and staring at them for too long can cause a condition known as digital eye strain. Digital eye strain is a collection of vision-related problems including blurred vision and dry eyes, all caused by extended screen time.

Today, more and more people are suffering from digital eye strain without knowing the cause of their symptoms. Blinking helps refresh the tear film on our eyes. But when our eyes focus on digital screens, we blink less frequently. This can leave our eyes feeling and dry and fatigued, potentially leading to blurred vision.

Other symptoms of digital eye strain include:

  • Headaches
  • Neck or Back […]

When to Have an Eye Exam

Unlike going to the dentist, it’s generally not necessary to see your eye doctor every 6 months for an eye exam. Typically, having a comprehensive eye exam every 1-2 years will ensure that your eyes stay healthy and your vision remains sharp. Some patients, such as those with medical conditions like diabetes, eye disorders, high prescriptions or a family history of glaucoma or macular degeneration require more frequent eye exams.

However, even if you aren’t due for a regular eye exam, there are some signs and symptoms that should alert you to schedule an appointment with your eye doctor. If you experience any of the following symptoms, schedule an eye exam […]

Glaucoma Symptoms Defined

Wondering what the symptoms of glaucoma might be?  Not sure if you might be suffering from this condition?  Glaucoma symptoms can include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Poor night vision
  • Blind spots
  • Trouble focusing on objects that are close to your eyes
  • Halos or rainbows around lights at night
  • Loss of peripheral vision

If you have any questions about glaucoma symptoms or are wondering if you might have glaucoma, please contact Medical Eye Center in Medford at or 541-779-4711 to schedule an eye exam.