Corneal Disease

Corneal disease refers to several conditions that affect the transparent, protective covering of the eye, known as the cornea.

Symptoms of Corneal Disease

Symptoms vary from one condition to another, but may include:

  • Pain
  • Irritation and redness
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Blurred vision
  • Watery eyes

Possible Causes of Corneal Disease

Some diseases of the cornea are:

  • Conjunctivitis
  • Keratitis
  • Herpes Zoster (or ‘shingles’ which is caused by the same virus as chickenpox)
  • Ocular Herpes (caused by the herpes simplex virus)
  • Corneal dystrophies (such as Keratoconus, Lattice, and Fuchs’ Dystrophy)

Treatment of Corneal Disease

Fortunately, the cornea has a tremendous capacity for healing itself. If treatment of your corneal disease becomes necessary, we’ll help you find the best solution. Options differ from one condition to another, but may include:

To prevent communicable corneal diseases, avoid sharing eye makeup, contact lens solution, lens cases, or eye drops. Protect your eyes from injury and limit contact with infected people. It’s always important to remember that early detection through routine exams can help preserve your healthy vision.

Get EyeSmart

Visit the American Academy of Ophthalmology’s webpage on the following topics: