Nearsightedness (Myopia)

Commonly known as nearsightedness, the myopic eyes sees close objects more clearly than distance objects.

Normal Vision: Light rays pass through the cornea to merge and focus perfectly on the back surface of the eye, called the retina, producing clear vision.

Nearsightedness (Myopia): Because the eye is longer than normal, light rays merge and focus before they reach the retina. The nearsighted eye sees close objects more clearly than distant objects.

Symptoms of Nearsightedness (Myopia)

In addition to visual limitations, nearsighted people may experience:

  • Headaches
  • Eyestrain
  • Squinting
  • Fatigue when straining to see at a distance

Treatment of Nearsightedness (Myopia)

Myopia is a common condition that is often hereditary. There are several available treatments, including:

Get EyeSmart

Visit the American Academy of Ophthalmology’s webpage on Nearsightedness (Myopia).